Low back pain can be caused by a variety of problems with any parts of the complex, interconnected network of spinal muscles, nerves, bones and discs that make up the spine. Typical sources of low back pain include: The lower back (lumbar area) of the spine is made up of five bones (vertebrae), which are cushioned by small, spongy discs. The discs are made up of an outer layer, called the annulus and a gel-like center called the nucleus. When these discs become worn down or injured, they may bulge or rupture and press on a nerve root causing pain that may extend downward into your leg. Sometimes the repair process takes so long that it becomes chronic and debilitating.
A physical therapist can provide a thorough evaluation to determine the cause of your pain and develop an appropriate treatment plan. Treatment options may include exercise, manual therapy or other modalities to help relieve your symptoms and promote healing. A doctor's referral is required for physical therapy; however you may call a clinic directly to set up an appointment
There are many causes of lower back pain but there are ways we can all help our backs feel better.
- Pain in your lower back can range from sharp to a dull ache.
- It's common to experience pain on one side of your body, though you also may feel it in both hips, legs, or buttocks.
- Lower back pain might be caused by muscle strain, herniated disc, osteoarthritis, spinal stenosis or a number of other sources.
- Most episodes of lower back pain resolve themselves within a few weeks.
- Lower back pain may signal a serious condition but probably won't result in permanent nerve damage or paralysis.
- A doctor can help determine the cause of your lower back pain and recommend an appropriate course of treatment.
- It's important to stay active if you have lower back pain.
- You should call your doctor if your lower back pain is getting worse instead of better over time.
- The symptoms of sciatica are similar to those seen with lower back pain but may include weakness or numbness in the leg or foot as well as a sharp, shooting pain that radiates from the buttocks down the leg.
- Sciatica may result from degenerative arthritis or spine narrowing (spinal stenosis
Sciatica is most usually caused by a herniated disk, a bone spur on the spine, or a constriction of the spine (spinal stenosis). This results in inflammation, discomfort, and numbness in the afflicted limb.
2: Disc Herniation
A herniated disc is a common spinal condition that usually responds well to non-invasive treatments such as modest exercise or over-the-counter pain relievers. However, certain ruptured disc symptoms necessitate a visit to your doctor in order to avoid serious—and perhaps permanent—nerve consequences.
Scoliosis is a lateral curvature of the spine that is most commonly detected in teens. While scoliosis can arise in persons with diseases such as cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy, the majority of infantile scoliosis is caused by unknown factors. The majority of scoliosis occurrences are moderate, although some curvature increase as children grow.
4: Spinal Stenosis
Spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the gaps within your spine that can cause pressure on the nerves that run through it. Spinal stenosis most commonly affects the lower back and neck. Some patients with spinal stenosis may not experience any symptoms.
5: Weak Glute Muscles
The most common cause of weakness in these muscles is inactivity or a sedentary lifestyle. As technology progresses and more individuals are limited to desk occupations where they spend the most of the day sitting, the glutes atrophy and the anterior hips adapt to a shorter position.
6: Piriformis syndrome
Piriformis syndrome is often caused by compression or contraction of the piriformis muscle on certain sections of the sciatic nerve; the most prevalent risk factors are overuse or sports-related damage, although other disorders can also cause the symptoms.
Lower back pain can have a lot of different causes, so it's important to know what kind of pain you are having.
Staying active is one of the most essential things you can do to relieve low back pain. Don't undertake intense back workouts while your back is still quite hurting; instead, maintain moving as much as you can, even if it's painful, and gradually return to your normal activities. Depending on the nature of your job, you may need to modify your tasks until your back discomfort subsides. Limiting physical activity, and even bedrest, was once recommended for low back discomfort, but we now know that laying about actually slows the recovery of low back strain.
In addition to being active, you may try applying heat or cold packs to your back and using over-the-counter pain relievers like ibuprofen, as long as you don't have any medical issues that restrict you from taking these prescriptions. After your acute pain has subsided, it is critical to maintain taking care of your back to avoid recurring back pain. Physical activity is essential! A physiotherapist can assist you in developing a rehabilitation program to strengthen and stabilize your back and core.